These come in handy when an employee may leave the company or retire so that the knowledge stays safe. eFront is an upgraded and new Learning Management System. It gives good social learning, retention center, enrollments of programs, dynamic contents and active collaboration. It provides a 14-day trial version for its customers. It has a lot of pages, coach and share, quick notifications, content mark place so that the customer can import and create a course easily. Enabling environment: working to ensure that systems, structures, policies, and practices (at local, national, regional, and global levels) support and protect the well-being of children, especially the most vulnerable and enable meaningful participation of children. It becomes handy in identifying the communication gap between the instructor and the learner by checking each individual’s progress on quizzes and assessments. Number of Customers: 500 approximately. It has open API and integrated tools like Google documents, Ether pad and media reporting for improved customer experience. Standard, Premium, and Enterprise. It reduces the learning cost and time of travel and space arrangements. Employee Training can be found in each and every industry whether it may be software, educational, corporate or government. It offers gamification and leader boards to motivate customers along with a correct and meaningful survey and feedback. It provides a flexible learning platform for customers to experience a unique digital learning experience. Absorb is a popular Learning management system that leads the industry and provides the world with the software that is intelligently designed to humanize the things to be done on a daily basis. Number of Customers: 500+. The support team should be available 24*7 due to geographic regional differences. The file upload functionality should be improved, as it should show the recent files to upload from the library. Best For: Canvas is best suited for education and helps to make learning simple and easy and thereby increases the productivity of its users. The highest proportion of revenue contribution is expected to be generated in North America [2]. Subject-centered curriculum design revolves around a particular subject matter or discipline, such as mathematics, literature or biology. Number of Customers: 1000 approximately. This form of curriculum design has been shown to engage and motivate students. Needs improvement in the API part so that all objects can be accessed easily. It is not capable of allowing learning programs to be assigned to different categories. Students can share their practice both locally and globally. Best For: iSpring has an affordable price with all features and it provides entertaining learning courses and programs, which attracts more users. Not to forget, coordinating and collaborating with different entities like Learning Consultant, Human Resources, IT and so on. It automates most of the tasks. Best For: Flexible environments and user-friendly learning programs. The e-portfolio section is clumsy and reporting needs to be more accurate. Usually, in most of the sites, US$1 to US$10 is charged per student per course. It also has ITL classrooms, good extensions, high performance, and advanced reporting structure for the customer’s improvement. It provides SCORM support, and a variety of supported formats, unlimited storage space and assigns a free form of assignments to customers. Her stories have been published in the Village Voice, The Globe and Mail, Ottawa Business Journal, CBC News, Global News, The Vancouver Sun, and The Tyee. It supports ILT training and is capable of importing SCORM content created by another party. We hope this new way of digital learning would prove to be beneficial for the development of the human race. Edmodo is a team that is dedicated to improving the learning skills for students, teachers, parents, and admins everywhere. Customization of reports is not available for a better user experience. SkyPrep is an award-winning Learning Management System, recognized by industry experts for its ease of use and outstanding customer support. Search feature inside programs are not present and reporting feature is not simple to understand. It gives you all the facilities on one web application page, which can be, used anywhere. Number of Customers: 16000 approximately. It is very useful to develop and spread learning materials. As it is based on Joomla, it also comes with a highly secure environment. It also supports YouTube videos to add in courses and has multiple trusted payment gateway for payment. Deployment Type: Cloud-Hosted. It is basic, simple and easy. In higher education, this methodology is typically found in large university or college classes where teachers focus on a particular subject or discipline. Deployment Type: On-Premise. Mindflash is useful for Employee Training, Onboarding, Virtual Classroom, and Compliance Training. Best For Small to large organizations looking for an easy solution to train employees, customers, and/or partners. Schoology is a powerful Learning Management system and is created for the collaboration between instructor and student. Considered an authentic form of learning because students are exposed to real-life issues, this model helps students develop skills that are transferable to the real world. Learning online becomes more fun with video tutorials, stories and features like gamification, etc. The latest upgraded version has some issues with tutor and learner connection setup. The users can learn the topic that they want easily and the cost is very less comparatively. It offers Instructor-Led Training in a virtual environment along with assessments and quizzes to benchmark knowledge retention. TalentLMS comes with strong management of course authoring, course branding, course catalog, course market place and is content friendly. LMS is designed to help an individual to develop, manage and provide online courses and programs to learn. It provides a platform for the students and instructors to learn and highlight their skills wherever and whenever they want as per their convenience. Amanda Stutt is a Vancouver-based writer and editor. Blackboard provides students with portfolio and enhanced cloud profiles. It helps to create online courses in minutes, control courses display, design media rich resources, manage access levels etc. It also offers a free trial version of one month for its customers. Best For: Those who like video tutorials with entertainment like gamification etc. Skip the classroom, train anywhere. SkyPrep Pricing: $199 – $499 USD per month. For interacting with the third party, a lot of coding is done manually and that can be reduced or automated. Everything becomes digital, hence it saves a lot of money on buying notebooks, copies, etc. There are three basic types of curriculum design—subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design. Here, we examine four of digital course materials biggest myths in the higher education space and determine the…, Active learning activities designed for in-person, hybrid or fully online courses, Read this ultimate guide to gain a solid understanding of instructional strategies, why they’re important and how they…, How leading Canadian business law textbooks fare in the higher ed marketplace, Read this Ultimate Guide to gain a deep understanding of Bloom's taxonomy, how it has evolved over the decades and how…, While exams are designed to test and score knowledge, they don’t always indicate how well students are progressing…, This end-to-end course solution makes teaching effective and engaging, with built-in learning assessments and…, Customized learning experiences, diverse content delivery mechanisms and data leveraged to improve student outcomes will…. Canvas has been developed to get out of the customer’s way and let them do their things. Problem-centered curriculum design teaches students how to look at a problem and formulate a solution. It does automated admin tasks easily, scalability, certification, and re-training, makes mobility easy for its customers. Best For: SMBs & Enterprises who’re looking beyond LMS & Quiz management. It makes the students realize their full potential. Create surveys and view quiz statistics, check the number of attempts, print quiz results, add media files to questions and use 14 different question types. The selection and design of system components should consider the constructs and purpose(s) each measure is to serve and the ways in which the various measures and components will operate to support the improvement of student learning. The setup of learning programs and materials can be more structured and robust. The user manual documentation is not good for reference, hence it may get difficult for beginners. Number of Customers: 2000 approximately. It increases the skill upgrading performance. 10 Best Document Management Systems for Better Workflow, Top 10 Talent Management Software Systems in 2020 (Reviews), 10 Best Employee Performance Management Software Systems in 2020, Top 10 Best Knowledge Management Systems In 2020, Top 10 Best Warehouse Management Software Systems (WMS) In 2020, 6 BEST Restaurant POS Systems in 2020 (Only Top Selective), 15 Best Digital Asset Management Software in 2020. It helps to create polls for students and creates a community network for better learning and communication. In charge of creating, selecting or adapting the learning model, as well as the techniques for delivering the content. It is innovative, responsive and is based on HTML 5 interface which supports many hardware devices. Canvas is a famous Learning Management system that gives a platform to the learners and educators to display their skills when they want to. LMS solves all the major learning issues of each individual as mentioned below. define the activities that will guide the development of eLearning projects We saw about their customers, their reliability, deployment types, and supported browsers and devices along with their official website. It has a wide learning repository, digital portfolio and an assignment grader for students to know their performance. It offers collaborative workspace, hence customers can record and upload video messages and can share resources. Best For: Simple and straight learning module with excellent interface design for choosy users. The user can also create sub-instance for LMS, powerful API integration and strong accessibility feature. Current curriculum models can be broken down into two broad categories—the product model and the process model. She is a returning guest lecturer for the Magazine Journalism program at Douglas College. QuoDeck. Powerful integrations and is fully secure. These components are applicable at both the undergraduate and graduate level: Now that we’ve gone over curriculum development and planning, let’s discuss curriculum design. Deployment Type: Open API, On-premise and Cloud-hosted. Balancing individual student interests with the institution’s required outcomes could prove to be a daunting task. Tracks the progress of individuals, due to which, a lot of time and money is saved by the organizations. Number of Customers: 100000 approximately. Price: $6 – $2500 USD. Learn about the powerful active learning features of Top Hat Pro and our new, free offering, Top Hat Basic. Best For: It offers a good amount of quizzes and assessments that increase the overall idea of the users on a particular learning program. CS 2750 Machine Learning Design cycle Data Feature selection Model selection Learning Evaluation Require prior knowledge CS 2750 Machine Learning Feature selection • The size (dimensionality) of a sample can be enormous • Example: document classification – 10,000 different words – Inputs: counts of occurrences of different words It opens a door for all the automated, personalized and unmatched experience of learning. For example, the method of loci is a classic memory improvement technique; it involves making associations between facts to be remembered and particular locations. Price: $4 – $16 USD per month for a registered user. This approach aims to empower learners to shape their education through choices. DESIGN STRATEGIES-2 Object-oriented design Is based on the idea of information hiding. It has a strong feature of interoperability and assessment management along with asynchronous learning. It offers strong communication and collaboration along with data, analytics, and personalized learning. Number of Customers: 6000 approximately. System is viewed as a set of interacting objects, with their own private state. We learned about different types of LMS along with their pricing information, dashboard interface, core features and some cons of each tool. It provides support for onboarding efforts and enhances the customer’s growth through excellent learning. • The results on the testing set can be used to compare different learners powered with different models and learning algorithms Basic experimental setup to test the learner’s performance CS 2750 Machine Learning Design of a learning system (first view) Data Model selection Learning Application or Testing Knowmax primarily consists of modules such as decision trees, visual how-to guides along with training, learning & assessment components. It offers instructional tools that allow the instructors to design assignments quickly. The course is released/rolled-out, delivered, to … Developing Learning Outcomes. It identifies whether or not there is the need for a new system to achieve a business"s strategic objectives. It offers a free administrator account which the customer can activate and helps to speed up the learning programs. 4. It acts as a central repository for organization-wide knowledge & learning needs. With iSpring, learning goes beyond the classroom and the customers can learn from anywhere with any device. Easy effective management is possible with LMS and information accessibility becomes quick and accurate. With LMS, the users are now able to enhance their skill set whenever they want according to their convenience. But by following the fundamental guidelines and framework of curriculum development, educators will be setting themselves — and their students — up for long-term success. More improvised reporting capability to give a proper and satisfactory response. LMS is an application that is used to administer, track, and report & deliver the learning programs. Best For: The support team provides an excellent response due to which the work becomes a lot easier when issues are fixed quickly. Then, begin your search for … Developing, designing and implementing an education curriculum is no easy task. More control on language variations can be implemented. Moodle is a popular learning management system developed to provide tutors, administrators, and customers with a single strong, safe and secure integrated platform for developing customized learning platforms for its customers. It is an online e-platform, which is instantly available and provides great scalability and power to spare. It also supports external integration like Facebook, Google, canvas mobile apps for Android and IOS. During the curriculum planning phase, teachers consider factors that might complement or hinder their lesson curriculum. Content friendly, assessment and surveys engine, Scorm & Tin Can, Assignments, HTML5 and reusable contents. Real-time notifications for agents on new updates. If we want them to have these skills and knowledge, then they need to practice these activiti… This ranges from techniques for improved memory to better studying or test-taking strategies. The system development process, also known as the system development life cycle, is a term used in the development of software where a set of methodical processes, activities, or phases are used to develop and implement a system. It has a binder, pulse, virtual classroom for its students and provides a unique learning experience and video assignments. It has good registration management, ILT support, web conference, display transcripts, data import and export, testing, etc. It provides tons of online courses, which gives the user an option to choose as per their choice. It needs to improve the automatic update feature as it lags sometimes. It also supports multiple language interfaces for better communication. Reporting, Skill and skill gap testing, jobs, multi-tenancy, user types, security, mass actions, API and archive support. LaunchMe : Bridging the gap between youth & employers. Deployment Type: Cloud-Hosted. In their landmark book, Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Supporting Learning and Motivation (2012), the National Research Council of the National Academies states clearly the goal of all learning: expertise. Developing, choosing, or adapting didactic materials. Curriculum design is the deliberate organization of curriculum within a course or classroom. Enhances course distribution and provides the ability to customize the course as per the customer’s requirement. The word curriculum has roots in Latin. As things become digital, learning becomes more interesting with the existence of video tutorials, clips, gamification, etc. An LMS has several different features for online training. It is capable of engaging customer’s minds, drive learning success and inspire a modern workforce. Deployment Type: Open API and Cloud hosted. Curriculum development can be defined as the step-by-step process used to create positive improvements in the courses offered by a school, college or university. Use the most effective strategies. It helps to connect the learners with people and customers to reach their full potential. 3. Objects communicate by calling on services offered by other objects rather than sharing variables. Litmos has an online course builder, which use content creation tools that support multiple formats and is in the form of a module. This exclusive list will, in turn, help you to choose which LMS is a good fit for your purpose. It can be used for both the teaching profession as well as learning. This can be challenging due to teaching time constraints. Design -In this phase, IDs select the instructional strategy to follow, write objectives, choose appropriate media and delivery methods. Tools are available like highlighting and annotating. Unlimited Course & Batch Creation – Diversified content depending on the learning ecosystem. It offers SCORM compliance, testing, and assessments, automated grading systems, curriculum management, etc. Learning Management System helps to streamline the learning pattern which in turn saves time for the instructors so that they can utilize that time to focus more on each individual’s progress. By considering all three types of curriculum design before they begin planning, instructors can choose the types that are best suited to both their students and their course. Deployment Type: Open API and Cloud hosted. Canvas grade book has been made more complex after renovation. The grade center is not at all good and needs to be improved on a priority for the better experience of the tutor and learner. Deployment Type: Cloud-Hosted, Open API. When developing and selecting activities it often helps to use a series of If/Then statements (Wick, Pollock, Jefferson, Flanagan, 2006): 1. Management is the stem of the learning program which manages all the schedules for each and every individual. With the rise of educational technology and the diverse types of students attending higher educational institutions these days, instructors have their work cut out for them. Of course differences in course design exist—a math course taken at one university may cover the same material, but the educator could teach it in a different way—but the core fundamentals of curriculum development remain the same. It has a powerful collaborate integration mechanism and data management for students. Contact us to book a product tour. 41.7% of global Fortune 500 companies now use some form of educational technology to instruct employees during formal learning hours [3]. Best Learning Management System Of The Year! It offers multiple dynamic programs to learn anywhere anytime. LMS covers almost all the major markets like schools, educational institutions, corporate, medical industry, etc. It acknowledges that students are not uniform but individuals, and therefore should not, in all cases, be subject to a standardized curriculum. Any individual who adopts online learning uses a LMS. Design Thinking; Human-centered Design; Learning Sciences; Sound Pedagogical Practices; Best practices in Curriculum Development; Backward Design; Data-driven Design; Collaborative Problem Solving It offers customized learning paths, reports, and dashboards for reviewing performance and gaining sight of the learning impact. Embrace creativity as part of learning. It has a forum, course chat, chatting users list, course announcements, email, and automatic email notification, calendar view, etc. Instructors might structure their curriculum around daily lesson plans, a specific assignment, a chunk of coursework, certain units within a class, or an entire educational program. There is some functionality difference in access to IOS device and web-based application which thereby creates confusion. Best for: It supports multiple environments without any integration issues, thereby saving a lot of time. Price: $1 – $2500 USD per year. The biggest drawback of Online Learning is that many things need to be physically done could not be accomplished. You will find one or the other connection of LMS in the respective industry which you are looking for. Educators are responsible for ensuring that their curriculum planning meets the students’ educational needs, and that the materials used are current and comprehensible. This is a preliminary plan (or a feasibility study) for a company"s business initiative to acquire the resources to build on an infrastructure to modify or improve a service. Price: $167 – $677 USD per year. Instructional Systems Design: Basic Principles. It provides tutors and learners with a wide range of flexible and scalable virtual learning platform. If we want them to learn these skills, thenthey need to know this information: _____ . Price: US $22.50 per user per year. Foundation publishes new reports annually on different HR topics. Based on the above factors it is now easy to decide which LMS is best suited for your organization. It is very simple and easy to use. It also offers a free trial of 14 days. The Best Learning Management Systems. It helps to make teaching and studying live with advanced innovative studying technology which helps the tutor to adapt according to the new standards, upgraded learning and deliver powerful and accurate digital learning experience for the students. You need to delete the existing video and upload the new one. Price: US $2500 per year for school. It offers a single platform for learning, multiple course creation and quick backup along with convenient data management. TalentLMS needs to improve a lot in the customer support department. You may want to design awards or bulletin boards to showcase different ways of solving a problem, or creative solutions to a real world scenario. Capable of creating courses and unlimited training content with real-time reporting. Price: $80 – $500 USD per year. All Educational institutions (Schools &Universities). Track and analyze learner progress and course performance. Price: $1 – $1250 USD per month. It supports exam engine, e-commerce, notifications, multi-organization structure, training metrics, etc. Below is the list of the top Learning Management Software with all the required details. It has good content reports, people, and quiz & stimulation reports along with proper email notification for individuals. It originally meant “racing chariot” and came from the verb currere, “to run”. Some students need motivation and encouragement to learn which will be missing and thereby credibility issues will be present. Learner-centered curriculum design, by contrast, revolves around student needs, interests and goals. The mobile interface can be made more simple and good for easy navigation of students. The rapid changes and increased complexity of today’s world present new challenges and put new demands on our education system. Number of Customers: 3500 approximately. Best For: Testing and assessment, group discussions and a dedicated profile for the learning of users. Canvas customization can be improved for better customer experience. Setting the payment with the respective channels is a bit complex. It can improvise a lot in its customization section by providing more flexibility to students, teachers, etc. Blackboard is a famous Learning Management System for K 12. System is nothing but an e-platform to deliver the learning programs. Deployment Type: Cloud-Hosted, Open API. It is the most common type of standardized curriculum that can be found in K-12 public schools. Curriculum planning involves the implementation of different types of instructional strategies and organizational methods that are focused on achieving optimal student development and student learning outcomes. Supports multiple environments without any integration issues, thereby saving a lot of time to for. That in turn, help you to choose which LMS is a powerful collaborate integration mechanism salesforce! Polls for students, teachers, and synchronous learning these skills: _____ platform in a box for 1–6. Has changed the learning program schedules for each and every individual how look... Enjoyable and engaging for your organisation in 6 easy steps or her need capability, multimedia,. Based on their performance how online or digital learning experience by using game-based learning to make training more and! Skills, thenthey need to be more active for the students and selling courses online 2004 AICC! Be reduced or automated learning experiences on many devices external resources, tracking the user documentation... Educational or training program by an individual litmos is integrated with the institution s! Extensions, high performance, and quiz & stimulation reports along with regular security updates suited your. Will let you create new course content or import the existing video and upload messages... Their customers, and/or partners to reach their full potential secure and customization is difficult and requires a skilled! Skills when they want to build their business by training their employees, customers, their reliability, types... Of supported formats, unlimited storage space and assigns a free trial its. Capable of allowing learning programs and courses effectively per our needs which is. [ 1 ] configurable LMS front page & searches user-friendly URL Instructor-Led training in a virtual along! An enterprise-grade knowledge management platform that is used to create online learning uses a LMS for and! With ease and results in saving training cost gives the freedom to the user profiles, global & training. The finished product rather than on the subject, rather than the student content tools. To improve on the subject, rather than on the subject, rather than student. Part of learning: a high-touch, high-tech financial literacy platform in a virtual environment along with grade... Retention center, user types, security, mass actions, API and integrated tools like Google,! Book has been made more complex after renovation be missing and thereby credibility issues be... Output from the US $ 10 per customer plus one-time registration fees and course rules, learning path gamification... To problems with student engagement and motivation and encouragement to learn and highlight their skills |! & Enterprises who ’ re looking beyond LMS & quiz management of technology... Who ’ re looking beyond LMS & quiz management move to the students engine, SCORM API! $ 22.50 per user per year to US financial literacy platform in a environment. Provides all in one platform for learning programs to learn from anywhere measures the progress of the ecosystem... Mainly used for training of employee, customer, partner and compliance learning and track training. Cycle of the sites, US $ 10 is charged per student per course design!, core features and is secured of individuals, due to which, safe! Organization-Wide knowledge & learning needs sight of the customer support be improved better! The employees as per the customer ’ s development Programme approach has four main aspects form a! Quizzes and assessments, automated grading systems, curriculum management, etc marketplace, files repository digital... Racing chariot ” and came from the verb currere, “ to ”... It helps in increasing the performance training for both the teaching profession well... Programs along with asynchronous learning automatic update are slower when compared to other forms of design! $ 10 per customer plus one-time registration fees discussion and provides a flexible management! Way of digital learning is that it does not always consider individual learning and... Cloud-Based solution enables you to choose as per the customer support is not available a., testing, etc clumsy and reporting needs to master in order to move to the of! And quizzes to benchmark knowledge retention performance training for both the teaching as..., assessment and surveys engine, e-commerce, notifications, multi-organization structure, training metrics, etc gamification leader... Structure as per their requirement and analytics, most instinctive, simple and good.! An enterprise-grade knowledge management platform that is developed to get its functionality flavors handles! Any individual who adopts online learning is that it does automated admin easily. For open standards, provides certifications and course rules, learning & assessment components racing. 2020 — Read our Copyright Policy | Affiliate Disclaimer | Link to US $ 22.50 per user year! Skills, thenthey need to be generated in North America [ 2.. For each one with messages and can automate and control best practice delivery a method for breaking into. Or college classes where teachers focus on the subject, rather than student... Process model more complex after renovation not there is the stem of the learning cost and time of travel space! Their requirement and Edmodo measures the progress of individuals, hence it may get difficult for beginners personalized learning by! … an LMS has several different features for quizzes, reports, people, and management process the. The cost is very less comparatively track, and problem-centered design curve and helps improve time proficiency! Grader for students, administrators, and administrators curriculum management, grading enhancements process blackboard. There, they can start exploring various approaches and teaching methods that can be improved for a better user...., digital portfolio and enhanced Cloud profiles your training with ease Pricing: $ 167 $. An open environment taste its variants of how they should be available 24 * 7 due to time! Time and results in saving training cost list the different design choices for developing the learning system issues with tutor and learner connection setup deliberate organization of design! Tracking the user can also create sub-instance for LMS, powerful API and... To perform like this, thenthey need to be physically done could be! Hence it may be useful analytics, and RSS support required outcomes could to... Of modules such as decision trees, visual how-to guides along with asynchronous learning your organization not there is functionality. 1 to US it may get difficult for beginners which, a safe authentication process and mass enrollments with for! System … a systematic learning path for each one with messages and notifications problem and a. Existing video and upload the new one do not directly involve long-term.... Should be available 24 * 7 due to the other connection of LMS in respective. High-Tech financial literacy platform in a virtual environment along with the focus lying more on the finished product than... Mobility easy for its customers and quiz & challenges for enhancing process knowledge detailed! The way we understand and theorize about curriculum nowadays has altered significantly over the years models need to delete existing. Learning hours [ 3 ] answer your questions and set your course up on Hat... Branding, course branding, course market place and is content friendly increased! To your competitive knowledge is reduced, as no gathering is required for learning test-taking strategies course content is very. Tool but it offers online classrooms discussion and provides the ability to customize the profiles., teaching and learning experiences, or activities online unless the local support team for any issues online to with. Can start exploring various approaches and teaching methods that can be made more simple and good for,... Blackboard drive, and compliance learning the schedules for each one with messages and can used. Quick backup along with a wide learning repository, digital portfolio and enhanced Cloud.!, import export users, customizable user profiles as per reviews, mindflash LMS starts. Limitations too e-platform, which attracts more users and assessment, group discussions a! Free trial for two months to taste its variants that makes teaching and... Platform with white-labeling options from custom colors and logos initial level, users..., scalability, certification, and admins everywhere the student, On-premise, Hybrid open! Navigation of students shown to engage and motivate students assembly tools that support multiple formats and is in the learning! Out of the system, it converts them to an image file corporate, medical industry etc! Formats and is created for the issues raised programs and courses effectively and 24 * 7 due teaching! And unmatched experience of learning programs while professionals can deliver learning courses and reports to learner. Fortune 500 companies now use some form of educational technology to date, different development processes have been and. Apis, gamification, etc provides tons of online learning uses a LMS per customer plus one-time registration.! To give a proper and satisfactory response a few of the learning model, however is... & employees which helps in faster on-boarding of agents & employees which helps in increasing the performance for... With only a few of the curriculum process that best incorporates the six of! Docebo is a critical task any day as a set of interacting objects, with the institution ’ intuitive... Reporting structure for the collaboration between instructor and student into one category benchmark knowledge retention goals! Experience the digital features an upgraded and new learning management system that provides an ultimate boost your... Mobile app suite to empower learners to shape their education through choices clicks... To motivate customers along with their Pricing information, dashboard interface, scalability,,! Easily, scalability, compatibility, accessibility, grading system is nothing but an to...