And here we have already some of the artifices employed by Modernists to exploit their wares. Others, finally, explain it in a way which savours of pantheism and this, in truth, is the sense which tallies best with the rest of their doctrines. In the same way they prove that the Scriptures and the dogmas are divine. '[9] If however, the bishop knows the relic is not authentic, it is to be withdrawn from veneration, and if authentication has been lost due to civil disturbances, no relic may be presented for public veneration before the bishop has verified it. Hence again it is given to us to infer that all existing religions are equally true, for otherwise they would not live. When a Catholic laymen or a priest forgets that precept of the Christian life which obliges us to renounce ourselves if we would follow Jesus Christ and neglects to tear pride from his heart, ah! To proceed in an orderly manner in this recondite subject, it must first of all be noted that every Modernist sustains and comprises within himself many personalities; he is a philosopher, a believer, a theologian, an historian, a critic, an apologist, a reformer. They grant also that certain arguments adduced in the Sacred Books, like those, for example, which are based on the prophecies, have no rational foundation to rest on. PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS (“Feeding the Lord’s Flock”) was a[…] Posted on May 6, 2019 June 28, 2019 by Virgo Sacrata “Mirari Vos” On Liberalism and Religious Indifferentism by Pope Gregory XVI – 1832 It may be, Venerable Brethren, that some may think We have dwelt too long on this exposition of the doctrines of the Modernists. VENERABLE BRETHREN, HEALTH AND THE APOSTOLIC BLESSING: 1. Now if we proceed to consider him as Believer, seeking to know how the Believer, according to Modernism, is differentiated from the Philosopher, it must be observed that although the Philosopher recognises as the object of faith the divine reality, still this reality is not to be found but in the heart of the Believer, as being an object of sentiment and affirmation; and therefore confined within the sphere of phenomena; but as to whether it exists outside that sentiment and affirmation is a matter which in no way concerns this Philosopher. The dogmas brim over with flagrant contradictions, but what matter that since, apart from the fact that vital logic accepts them, they are not repugnant to symbolical truth. Having said this much in general, We now ordain in particular a more careful observance of Article XLII. Obviously it will be completely under the dominion of the State. Prop. 15. For the Modernists, to live is a proof of truth, since for them life and truth are one and the same thing. Hence, Venerable Brethren, springs that ridiculous proposition of the Modernists, that every religion, according to the different aspect under which it is viewed, must be considered as both natural and supernatural. 17. Hence the principle of religious immanence is formulated. Indeed this history they do actually write, and with such an easy security that one might believe them to have with their own eyes seen the writers at work through the ages amplifying the Sacred Books. But while they endeavour by this line of reasoning to secure access for the Catholic religion into souls, these new apologists are quite ready to admit that there are many distasteful things in it. Particular modernist errors were singled out for censure and rejection. Certainly more attention must be paid to positive theology than in the past, but this must be done without detriment to scholastic theology, and those are to be disapproved as of Modernist tendencies who exalt positive theology in such a way as to seem to despise the scholastic. O REX GENTIUM - 22nd DECEMBER FAMILY CEREMONY: The family, together, say the Great Antiphon, followed by The Magnificat, and repeat the Antiphon at the close of evening prayer, or Vespers. But his doctrine is today repudiated alike by philosophy and history. For them the Sacraments are the resultant of a double need - for, as we have seen, everything in their system is explained by inner impulses or necessities. And since it is characteristic of the first cause to communicate its virtue to secondary causes, it is quite clear that the criticism We are concerned with is an agnostic, immanentist, and evolutionist criticism. We have already mentioned congresses and public gatherings as among the means used by the Modernists to propagate and defend their opinions. With regard to morals, they adopt the principle of the Americanists, that the active virtues are more important than the passive, both in the estimation in which they must be held and in the exercise of them. Certainly it is not the doctrine of symbolism - will save us from this. But since the Modernists (as they are commonly and rightly called) employ a very clever artifice, namely, to present their doctrines without order and systematic arrangement into one whole, scattered and disjointed one from another, so as to appear to be in doubt and uncertainty, while they are in reality firm and steadfast, it will be of advantage, Venerable Brethren, to bring their teachings together here into one group, and to point out the connexion between them, and thus to pass to an examination of the sources of the errors, and to prescribe remedies for averting the evil. Formerly it was possible to subordinate the temporal to the spiritual and to speak of some questions as mixed, allowing to the Church the position of queen and mistress in all such, because the Church was then regarded as having been instituted immediately by God as the author of the supernatural order. The first step in this direction was taken by Protestantism; the second is made by Modernism; the next will plunge headlong into atheism. Given that division, of which We have spoken, of the documents into two parts, the philosopher steps in again with his principle of vital immanence, and shows how everything in the history of the Church is to be explained by vital emanation. Besides, just as the same food does not agree equally with everybody, it may happen that a book harmless in one may, on account of the different circumstances, be hurtful in another. In 1907, Pope Saint Pius X gave to the Church a great gift in his encyclical Pascendi Dominici Gregis, subtitled On the Doctrines of the Modernists. For they place the origin of dogma in those primitive and simple formulae, which, under a certain aspect, are necessary to faith; for revelation, to be truly such, requires the clear manifestation of God in the consciousness. 6. Sometimes this communication of religious experience takes root and thrives, at other times it withers at once and dies. The Church does not occupy the world all by itself; there are other societies in the world, with which it must necessarily have contact and relations. The Reception of Pascendi dominici gregis in North America 195 and Canadian, where critical scholarship is notable.7 In North … ap. Hence the unknowable remains and will eternally remain unknowable to the believer as well as to the man of science. But far more advanced and far more pernicious are their teachings on doctrinal and dogmatic authority. This is their conception of the magisterium of the Church: No religious society, they say, can be a real unit unless the religious conscience of its members be one, and one also the formula which they adopt. The three documents vital to the subject are Lamentabili Sane (July 3, 1907), Pascendi Dominici Gregis (Sept. 8, 1907), and Sacrorum Antistium (the "Oath Against Modernism", Sept. 1, 1910). What is to prevent such experiences from being met within every religion? translation of PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS in Spanish - see translations . (Epist. To facilitate the reading of this encyclical, we will serialize into various separate parts, giving further … The result of this dismembering of the Sacred Books and this partition of them throughout the centuries is naturally that the Scriptures can no longer be attributed to the authors whose names they bear. It will be worth reacquainting ourselves with some its high-lights.9 Pascendi begins by noting that 'the number of the enemies of the cross of Christ has in these last days increased exceedingly' They seize upon chairs in the seminaries and universities, and gradually make of them chairs of pestilence. o Apostolic Letter Quoniam in re biblica ("On the Study of Scripture in Seminaries" - March 27, 1906) o Encyclical Pascendi Dominici Gregis ("On the Doctrines of the Modernists" - September 8, 1907) - another copy at CIN o Apostolic Letter Praestantia Scripturae Sacrae ("On the Decisions of the Biblical Commission" - November 18, 1907 - from EWTN Library) It is the product of the collective conscience, that is to say of the society of individual consciences which by virtue of the principle of vital permanence, all depend on one first believer, who for Catholics is Christ. An immense collection of sophisms this, that ruins and destroys all religion. Such, Venerable Brethren, is a summary description of the apologetic method of the Modernists, in perfect harmony, as you may see, with their doctrines - methods and doctrines brimming over with errors, made not for edification but for destruction, not for the formation of Catholics but for the plunging of Catholics into heresy; methods and doctrines that would be fatal to any religion. And here, before proceeding further, we would have you note well this whole theory of necessities and needs, for it is at the root of the entire system of the Modernists, and it is upon it that they will erect that famous method of theirs called the historical. Let us see what consequences flow from each of them. Enc. 2. [2] Maude Petre would later recall, "We must remember, in fairness to those who were not always fair, that the impact of historical criticism on the traditional teaching of the Church was terrifying; that it seemed a case of saving the very essence of the Christian faith from destruction."[3]. Pope Pius X - 1907 ON THE DOCTRINE OF THE MODERNISTS. In this way: All Christian consciences were, they affirm, in a manner virtually included in the conscience of Christ as the plant is included in the seed. The name of the Censor shall never be made known to the authors until he shall have given a favourable decision, so that he may not have to suffer annoyance either while he is engaged in the examination of a writing or in case he should deny his approval. They do not say this openly as yet - but they will say it when they wish to be logical on this head. Such is the situation for the Modernists, and their one great anxiety is, in consequence, to find a way of conciliation between the authority of the Church and the liberty of believers. ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS X ON THE DOCTRINES OF THE MODERNISTS . PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS (“Feeding the Lord’s Flock”) was a Papal encyclical letter promulgated by Pope Pius X on 8 September 1907. To aid them in this they call to their assistance that branch of criticism which they call textual, and labour to show that such a fact or such a phrase is not in its right place, and adducing other arguments of the same kind. På detta följde encyklikan Pascendi Dominici Gregis där modernismen karaktäriseras som " summan av alla heresier ". Assuredly, neither of these but the philosopher. "Introduction: Pascendi dominici gregis The Vatican Condemnation of Modernism". The same policy is to be adopted towards those who favour Modernism either by extolling the Modernists or excusing their culpable conduct, by criticising scholasticism, the Holy Father, or by refusing obedience to ecclesiastical authority in any of its depositaries; and towards those who show a love of novelty in history, archaeology, biblical exegesis, and finally towards those who neglect the sacred sciences or appear to prefer to them the profane. 6). First, indirectly, inasmuch as his theme is history - history dictated, as we have seen, by the philosopher; and, secondly, directly, inasmuch as he takes both his laws and his principles from the philosopher. But what is amazing is that there are Catholics and priests who, We would fain believe, abhor such enormities yet act as if they fully approved of them. We shall see later how, with such theories, added to the other errors already mentioned, the way is opened wide for atheism. Note here, Venerable Brethren, the appearance already of that most pernicious doctrine which would make of the laity a factor of progress in the Church. "Apart from debatable details, it is now certain that the 'Programma' was, on the whole, the work of Buonaiuti, as it bears the clear mark of his thought and style"--M.C. stemming. 7 June Encyclical Lacrimabili statu on the condition … 29. The simile is that of one of the leaders of Modernism. And thus, here again a way must be found to save the full rights of authority on the one hand and of liberty on the other. PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS. And yet, Venerable Brethren, these are not merely the foolish babblings of infidels. Latin Participle . Therefore, in virtue of the first canon deduced from agnosticism, whatever there is in His history suggestive of the divine, must be rejected."[5]. Therefore, in virtue of the first canon deduced from agnosticism, whatever there is in His history suggestive of the divine, must be rejected. Some Modernists, devoted to historical studies, seem to be greatly afraid of being taken for philosophers. Wherefore the Roman Pontiffs, Pius IV. The process is an extremely simple one. And since this life produced, in the courses of ages, both the Church and the Sacraments, it is quite right to say that their origin is from Christ and is divine. The critic, on the data furnished him by the historian, makes two parts of all his documents. It shall be their office to examine everything which requires permission for publication according to Articles XLI. In this way they win over any who, did they but realise what they are doing, would shrink back with horror. Pascendi dominici gregis ('Feeding the Lord's flock') was released to the world in L'Osservatore Romano, on the evening of 16 September, 1907. The second is a kind of disfigurement, which springs from the fact that faith, which has made the phenomenon independent of the circumstances of place and time, attributes to it qualities which it has not; and this is true particularly of the phenomena of the past, and the older they are, the truer it is. The chief stimulus of evolution in the domain of worship consists in the need of adapting itself to the uses and customs of peoples, as well as the need of availing itself of the value which certain acts have acquired by long usage. A prolific writer, his productions in both exegesis and in historical apologetic made Alfred Loisy (1857-1940) a center of attention for practi tioners of renewal in Catholicism and for those who were critical, even fearful, of such attempts. Should a Bishop, therefore, after having taken the advice of prudent persons, deem it right to condemn any of such books in his diocese, We not only give him ample faculty to do so but We impose it upon him as a duty to do so. The priests called to form part in it shall be chosen somewhat after the manner above prescribed for the Censors, and they shall meet every two months on an appointed day under the presidency of the Bishop. Hence the triple authority in the Catholic Church, disciplinary, dogmatic, liturgical. 41. Thus do they argue, never suspecting that their determination of the primitive germ is an a priori of agnostic and evolutionist philosophy, and that the formula of it has been gratuitously invented for the sake of buttressing their position. 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