." Gallatin served as U.S. ambassador to France and to England before ending a public career that lasted almost four decades. Later Career . © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Gallatin spent his remaining years as a diplomat, banker, and ethnologist. Early Career. Because the debt had grown since 1790, he proposed several new measures. Alexander I (1777–1825), the Russian tsar (national leader), had offered to help the discussions get started. Albert Gallatin was born in Geneva, Switzerland, on Jan. 29, 1761. Gallatin helped finance the Louisiana Purchase while still managing to reduce the national debt. These ideas inspired him to go to the United States in 1780, rejecting an offer to be an officer in the Hessian army sent by King George III to fight the American Patriots. In November 1793, Gallatin married Hannah Nicholson, a New York socialite, and returned home to Friendship Hill. Once in America, Gallatin took little part in the conflict, instead attempting to set up a trading business. Named for U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin, the city was established on the Cumberland River and made the county seat of Sumner County in 1802. Gallatin established a system of regular financial reports to Congress and worked hard to reduce the national debt in order to secure the nation’s independence. He headed northward to Machias, Maine, where he hoped to sell his supplies to the local Native Americans, farmers, and soldiers stationed there. Because his candidacy created so much controversy, he dropped out of the race. . Merchant, financier, and statesman He held the office longer than any other person in U.S. history, and he became one of the most influential men of the early American republic. Encyclopedia of World Biography. quarters rect. As the third secretary of the treasury, Albert Gallatin faced many obstacles. and “Missouri” and so recorded in SJL . He planned to settle European farmers and craftsmen in frontier American communities. James Monroe Because the Charter of the First Bank of the United States was not renewed, Gallatin had various problems funding the War of 1812. The Embargo of 1807 and the War of 1812 ruined these plans as government revenues sank with the disruption of trade and expenses rose for waging war. A militia is an organized military force, made up of citizens, that serves in times of emergency. In 1823 Gallatin returned to the United States. Pledged to reduce the national debt and eliminate the excise tax, he projected a plan to pay off the debt by 1817, outlined proposals for appropriations for specified purposes, advocated promotion of manufacturing, and argued for constructing a nationwide network of roads and canals with Federal aid. Transportation Visionary . Returning home in 1823, the Gallatins settled on the family estate at Friendship Hill. Why are they doing construction at N. Water/Dobbins Pike/Albert Gallatin? Explanation: Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin was a Genevan-American politician who served as a Secretary of the Treasury in United States of America.He was also a linguist and diplomat. After eight years as one of the most influential figures in Gallatin insisted that the Treasury Department should be held accountable to Congress by submitting an annual report. He advocated economic diversity by insisting on federal support for agriculture, trade, and industry. Gallatin pushed for roads and canals connecting the East to the newly settled West. A: Because Gallatin is the least understood of the half dozen men who set the American government into motion. 21 Dec. 2020 . Pennsylvanians elected him to the U.S. Senate in 1793, but Gallatin was denied his seat, ostensibly because he had not been a U.S. citizen for nine years. He married Hannah Nicholson in 1793, and they had two sons and three daughters. The men purchased 120,000 acres of land along the Ohio River in Virginia, which at that time extended far to the west past the Appalachians, and Pennsylvania. Gallatin, Albert ( 29 January 1761–13 August 1849 ), fourth secretary of the treasury and diplomat, was born Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin in Geneva, Switzerland, the son of Jean Gallatin, a merchant, and Sophie Albertine Rolaz du Rosey. He entered the House of Representatives in 1795 and became the most knowledgeable Republican on public finance. Gallatin's role in settling the Whiskey Rebellion earned him the gratitude from the citizens of western Pennsylvania. . Stevens, John A. Albert Gallatin. Gallatin’s vision included a nationwide transportation program, which he proposed to Congress in 1808, that was to be partially funded by the federal government. In 1793 this assembly elected him as one of their U.S. senators (which, at this time, were chosen by state legislatures). 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