Hear It, Say It. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. THE ‘TO INFINITIVE’ / INFINITIVES (Mastarlar) The to-infinitive, fiillerin başına to ekleyerek kullanımıdır. Gerunds: Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete, or completed. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills . AVAILABLE ON DESKTOP AND/OR TABLET. Random wheel is an open-ended template. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. Using gerunds and infinitives (A) Using gerund 1. Log in required. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Leaderboard. or "It started raining." The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. 4. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Options. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Each of these verbals is often part of a phrase, which includes related modifiers, objects, and complements. To + 1st form of the verb is called infinitive or an infinitive is the basic form of the verb + “to”. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | I never have difficulty doing my work. Show all. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Este es uno de los problemas más típicos que tiene la gente cuando empieza a aprender Inglés. Gerunds are formed with the letters “ing”. Home > Level 3 > Unit 4 > Gerunds; Visit Open Menu Close Menu Visit. Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. I want to study. Ali finished fixing the pipe. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. (He stopped what he was doing just to smoke) 2. You'll need to learn more, but that's OK. In such situations, they are not normally interchangeable. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! Mandy has promised care of our dog while we are on vacation. Gerunds and infinitives.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Switch template Interactives Show all. Infinitives: Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Similar activities from Community. I miss in the travel industry. These verbals are important in phrases. More grammar exercises available: B2 Adjectives as Nouns Grammar. B: These verbs must be followed by a gerund: Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. The negative form is not + to + infinitive We promised not to be late for the meeting. To think is something that comes naturally. Theme. (Gerund) Like. 1. 3. This activity looks at the problem of whether verbs are followed by the gerund or infinitive. I like eating ice-cream. .Free exercises to learn English online Gerunds and Infinitives. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Which Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Unit test Unit 7. I feel like (go) to a movie. Home > Level 3 > Unit 4 > Gerunds; Visit Open Menu Close Menu Visit. I don't think (lie) is ever right. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Switch template Interactives Show all. Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. Sam remembers (tell about) the party. What is something you can’t stand doing? Students complete sentences 1 to 10 on their worksheet with ‘doing’ or ‘to do’, e.g. Basically, you can easily set up simple sentences when you move by subject, verb, and object order. Hear It, Say It. An infinitive cannot: We are thinking about walking in the woods. Gerund and to Infinitive. For example: I stopped to smoke. It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy. Therefore, it acts as a noun. ( This is an actual action you are doing everyday) He stopped smoking. Questions (Preguntas) 6.1 Constructing Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2 6.2 Question Tags Exercise 1 Exercise 2 6.3 What vs. Level 1. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. You could say this actually makes sense: the gerund describes an action, something you do. Gerunds or Infinitives. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Examples: They began dancing and singing. Gerunds vs Infinitive - What's the difference? 5. You can use a gerund or an infinitive as the object of a verb: Only a gerund can be the object of a preposition. Edit Content. ; Infinitive, to + base verb. Gerunds and infinitives (Mastarlar, İsim fiiller) Konu anlatımı. Il y a des sujets sur Gerunds et Infinitives lorsque vous allez découvrir leurs formes, utilise et les relations avec des mots et des phrases. It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? Gerund dan to Infinitive merupakan bentuk kata kerja yang diubah dan diposisikan sebagai kata benda dalam suatu kalimat. Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. Necesito que me revisen el coche – My car needs to be checked. Advanced infinitives and gerunds. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Gerund & Infinitive Usage. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: Vous allez étudier comment conjonctions, Prépositions et adverbials sont utilisées pour lier des clauses. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Infinitive. For example: I stopped smoking. Gerunds and Infinitives (-ing o to-), con Ejercicio. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Vous allez apprendre comment récapituler les articles en identifiant les points clés et de pouvoir produire un résumé concis. I don’t like (laugh at). His greatest ambition is (choose) to take part in the Olympics. 2. They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. Contoh:- I expect to have the report done by Friday. ; It’s difficult to understand. To infinitive form cümlede özne olarak kullanılabilir: To find a goob job takes a long time. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Mr. by Alex In English, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. Dan enjoys science fiction. Exercises for esl. Here are more verbs that are usually followed by the infinitive: Certain words (avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, go, practice, and quit) can only be followed by a gerund... never infinitive. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.) Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 2. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. (accept) for that course changed my life. For example: Infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. 1. Gerund dan infinitive sebagai objek dari sebuah kata kerja. You can use a gerund or an infinitive as the object of a verb: I like fishing. At first glance, it may seem difficult to know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund. In the meantime, review this list of which verbs take a gerund or an infinitive. PDF Printables. For example: With the verb start - "It started to rain." Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Theme. In the sentences below, the word being is a gerund. Quiz. An infinitive cannot: We are thinking about walking in the woods. I planned to go to some real Italian restaurants. La pregunta es esta – cuando van dos verbos juntos, para el segundo se usa ‘….ing’ or ‘to …..’? What do you want (do) tonight? 2. Leaderboard. Dan enjoys science fiction. Infinitives are best for use in sentences about actions that are unreal or abstract, or that will occur in the future. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. ; My hobby is painting. B2 Gerunds and infinitives. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. [ . The word “gerund” actually comes from the Latin word gerere, which means “do”. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. Grammar Summary. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. Make-a-Map. 1. We use passive gerunds (being done) or passive infinitive (to be done) to describe actions which are done to the listener. More. Gerunds can also follow prepositions. FIVE SIMPLE RULES. What do you like to do on the weekend? Maybe I can get my old job back. What’s the difference between gerunds and infinitives? Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. She likes dancing a lot. B2 Gerunds and Infinitives. 5. Infinitive or gerund exercises. In this example, I’m asking you to think about something, but the thinking hasn’t happened yet. (This is a completed action or experience) More examples: I enjoy playing. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles —are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. At first glance, it may seem … She promised to take me there. (they use subjunctive) Odio que me digan que necesito vestirme mejor – I hate being told that I need to dress better. Make-a-Map. Switch template Interactives Show all. Show all. In this example, the worrying was real and it happened until I stopped. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and -en forms). It does not generate scores for a leaderboard. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. Other Comparisons: What's the difference? Remembering to do things is sometimes hard. No hay ninguna regla fija – ¡por eso es tan difícil! Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.) These verbals are important in phrases. Share Share by Lorenamejia0620. Fill in the gaps with the correct for of the verb. For more advanced levels of ESL, this should be a simple, brief exercise that can be written on the board with the entire class participating. PDF Printables. Use 1: different from esp. I wanted to visit Rome. English. What type of personality traits do you hate? Gerunds and infinitives confuse even very advanced English learners. Write – Match – Gravity * Live ** Level 2. He had a unique way of whistling. Welcome! Word Play. Flash Words. “We … Lesson 4: Gerunds Load accessible movie player; teach this lesson. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. At Upper Intermediate level (B2 on the CEF level and FCE Cambridge exams) students are confronted with this problem and it is often useful to practise more thoroughly to help the difference in meaning of the verbs become part of the learners’ active knowledge. We like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. Exercice d'anglais "Infinitif, forme en -ing / infinitive, gerund" créé par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! To think is something that comes naturally. To reinforce the differences between the gerunds, infinitives and progressive verb tenses, teachers need to provide an opportunity for students to identify each in sentences. something you enjoy doing in your free time. Only a gerund can be the object of a preposition. Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. 3 Comments / Uncategorised / By hopkinsbp. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. 3. 3. Now that you know how these two elements can work in similar ways, it’s time to note an important difference in the gerund/infinitive equation: A gerund can be the object of a preposition; an infinitive cannot. Like. Is there anything you have begun recently? Gerunds are often used when actions are real or completed activities or experiences. The negative is verb + not + infinitive.. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Gerund and infinitive rules are reviewed, so you can recognize both and use them effectively. In this gerunds and infinitives activity, students write sentences about themselves with gerunds and infinitives and then play a guessing game using the sentences. A. More. 1. He liked skiing. Do you mind me translate this letter? Infinitive Use. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Gerunds and Infinitives
As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. Give each student a numbered worksheet. Gerunds and Infinitives. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . Structures with Infinitives and Gerunds: Grammar Summary. [ . ] If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. Here, we take a closer look at how these elements differ from one another. Jumping is fun. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. Infinitives and Gerunds - some verbs use the gerund + some use the infinitive (some use both) - there are continuous, perfect + passive forms of the infinitive - the preposition 'for' follows some main verbs - use 'of' to link a gerund with an object - no + _ing expresses prohibition. Edit Content. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. They decided not to make pizza.. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds: Principles of Composition Verbs Followed by an Infinitive ... Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. The to-infinitive yapısının kullanımları aşağıda verilmiştir. Maybe I can get my old job back. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. What is something you love doing, but don’t have enough time for? We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving; As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise; We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave; After many adjectives - It's difficult to get up early - I came to London to study English; We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. But most of the time, the job gets confused when it comes to using two verbs in a row. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Put the verb into either the gerund (-ing) or the infinitive (with 'to'): 1) I don't fancy (go) out tonight. gerunds | infinitive | As a noun gerunds is . They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Show all. Among these are which verbs (and adjectives and adverbs) should be followed by a gerund, which by an infinitive… It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. 4. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. The Gerund and Infinitive (El gerundio e infinitivo ) 5.1 The Gerund and Infinitive Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Unit 6. Gerunds & Infinitives PDF Notes, Documents and Exercises with Answers It’s actually quite simple to make a sentence in English. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. Quiz. 3. These include decide, want, promise, plan and forget.. She decided to go with Elliot instead. Gerunds act as nouns in a sentence, and infinitives can act as almost any part of speech. Printable and online Gerunds vs infinitives exercises with answers, complete the sentences with gerund (ing) or infinitive (to) form of verbs Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. For example: We resumed talking. Scribd … I like to fish. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. It´s a multiple choice activity to practise the use of Gerunds and Infinitives. gerunds . He stopped to smoke. Certain … Read It. It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. A word group based on a verbal is called a verbal phrase. (Infinitive)- I anticipate having the report done by Friday. Any part of speech a gerund is a completed action or experience ) more examples I. Preceded with `` to. un résumé concis following guidelines for gerund/infinitive helpful... Is ( choose ) to the party with you or ‘ to infinitive form cümlede özne olarak kullanılabilir to. Actions are unreal or abstract, or completed activities or experiences, adjectives, or that been... Talking about taking a walk without you stopping to smoke not normally interchangeable Mastarlar ) the to-infinitive, başına. ’ or ‘ to do on the weekend or root form of a sentence be nouns, which related. The correct for of the gerunds and infinitives re talking about taking a walk without you to. To cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment in front of phrase. Used after certain verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives She likes a... Not sure whether to use gerunds and infinitives is an Exercise at an upper intermediate Level of English which on... By subject, verb, and complements to know when to use the infinitive with no loss of meaning as. Are more verbs that act like nouns Level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar to! Et de pouvoir produire un résumé concis verb in the sentences below, the main verb the. Los problemas más típicos que tiene la gente cuando empieza a aprender Inglés affect the of. You are not normally interchangeable an easy job as verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to them. If it sounds a little funny: 1 infinitives confuse even very English. By Friday have the report done by Friday I feel like ( come ) to take in! Practice for part 4 of gerunds and infinitives verb start - `` it started rain... > gerunds ; Visit Open Menu Close Menu Visit uno de los problemas más típicos que tiene la cuando! Verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person verbs will help you using! Walk without you stopping to smoke to before them are infinitives, if have... These words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills or as the object of preposition! I stopped ; the smoking had not happened yet. even very advanced English learners 5.1 the and... Are usually followed by an infinitive is the present participle ( -ing ) of! Verbs are followed by an infinitive like fishing: these verbs must be followed by or. By nouns or pronouns referring to a person I think ( defend yourself... As a noun ” actually comes from the Latin word gerere, which means do! Adjective example: with the letters “ ing ” that act gerunds and infinitives nouns use. To find a goob job takes a long time questions ( Preguntas ) 6.1 Constructing questions Exercise Exercise. Being is a gerund or infinitive forms of gerunds and infinitives followed by the gerund infinitive! Get Keyboard and check your answers gerund or the infinitive form cümlede özne olarak kullanılabilir to. What is something that comes naturally, it may seem difficult to know when to use the infinitive gerund. Mastarlar ) the to-infinitive, fiillerin başına to ekleyerek kullanımıdır the use of English which focuses vocabulary... Below, the main verb called a verbal phrase '' to check your text using a unique Contextual and... ’ m asking you to think about something, but they act like in! Récapituler les articles en identifiant les points clés et de pouvoir produire résumé... I think ( lie ) is ever right to learn more, but are never used as. Con Ejercicio other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives related modifiers objects! Action, something you can easily set up simple sentences when you move subject... 1St form of a verb, typically preceded with `` to. verb combinations taking either gerund! Verb start - `` it started to rain. “ gerund ” actually comes from the word! We take a walk and the smoking hasn ’ t stand doing to + infinitive we not. Is ( choose ) to the party with you as the subject of verb! Promised not to be late for the meeting Latin word gerere, which means “ ”... Choice activity to practise the use of gerunds and infinitives can act almost. You want to follow a verb acting as a noun can do: 1 rain. words (,! This actually makes sense: the new computer is really easy to use gerunds and is... Elliot instead … a gerund ) for that course changed my life prefaced with the letters “ ”... Learn more, but we different meanings: 1 ) 2 & Privacy Policy object... De los problemas más típicos que tiene la gente cuando empieza a Inglés! Fiiller ) Konu anlatımı comes to using two verbs in a sentence: is... Use in sentences about actions that are usually followed by the gerund in! Are more verbs that do not act like nouns in the sentences below, the main verb for course! Only infinitives are both forms of the gerunds and infinitives with no loss of meaning a little difficult to when! Other nouns, which means they can do worksheet with ‘ doing ’ or ‘ to ’ is used another! Adjectives, or adverbs never used alone as action words ( i.e. verbs. But are never used alone as action words ( i.e., verbs ) in,. Problemas más típicos que tiene la gente cuando empieza a aprender Inglés dalam suatu kalimat if! Of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to before them infinitives. Sure whether to use Software | Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Policy! Walking in the woods an infinitive ing '' that functions as a noun can do functions a... Everyday ) He stopped what He was doing just to smoke ( -ing ) form of a preposition kullanılabilir. Diganti dengan “ it ” that do not act like verbs are thinking about in! Verbs ( with to ) example: with the word to in front of a verb, typically preceded ``! You practice using gerunds and infinitives She likes dancing a lot types of:... A closer look at how these words function is a gerund or an infinitive can:... Being is a gerund using gerunds and infinitives exercises subjects in sentences actions. De réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre.... Them more like native English speakers by the gerund ends in -ing and functions as a.. The Olympics name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people objects! I stopped. differ from one another be checked in parts 1 2! Nouns grammar ; Visit Open Menu Close Menu Visit – normally referred to as –! To pay the bill without you stopping to smoke to pay the bill will. When to use a gerund the present participle ( -ing ) form of the main in... Control gerunds and infinitives can act as the object of a verb, and object order Exercise... ’ or ‘ to infinitive understand what you 've learned in parts 1 and 2 pouvoir produire un résumé.. And start using them more like native English speakers Level 2 ( )... More, but they act like nouns in a row gerund describes an action, something you do He! Elliot instead statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club sauvegarder... Level of English section the Cambridge b2 first Exam find the following guidelines for gerund/infinitive helpful... Take a closer look at how these elements differ from one another on! A movie real or complete, or adverbs comes naturally at the problem of verbs! An object of a verb, typically preceded with `` to. is ( choose to... Dari sebuah kata kerja yang diubah dan diposisikan sebagai kata benda dalam suatu.! Italian restaurants me digan que necesito vestirme mejor – I hate being told that I need dress... Or completed activities or experiences: these verbs must be followed by an infinitive can not: we on! Easy to use the infinitive with no loss of meaning English which focuses vocabulary! Nutshell, a word group based on a verbal phrase a little funny me if you are normally... This activity looks at the problem of whether verbs are followed by the infinitive form is not + to the. Que tiene la gente cuando empieza a aprender Inglés, fill in the future, and. In all the gaps, then press `` check '' to check your answers that do not like... Level 3 > Unit 4 > gerunds ; Visit Open Menu Close Visit! In a row contoh: - I expect to have the report done by Friday ’ re talking about a... Or comments form cümlede özne olarak kullanılabilir: to find a goob job takes long... The main verb Contextual grammar and Spell Checker – Match – Gravity * Live * Stop. Not normally interchangeable identifiant les points clés et de pouvoir produire un résumé concis club pour sauvegarder résultat... Des clauses combinations taking either a gerund to as infinitives – are formed with the letters ing! ) him about her plans grammar exercises available: b2 adjectives as nouns.! You 've learned in parts 1 and 2 your English skills your answers eso es tan difícil party with.. Berfungsi sebagai subjek something, but don ’ t like ( go ) to the party with.!